Anatomy and Physiology of Animals 

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Anatomy and Physiology of Animals Course Outline


Concepts Covered:

  • Elements and Atoms
  • Compounds and Molecules
  • Chemical Reactions
  • Ionization
  • Organic And Inorganic Compounds


Concepts Covered:

  • Naming And Classifying Animals
  • Naming Animals
  • Classification Of Living Organisms
  • The Animal Kingdom
  • The Classification Of Vertebrates

The Cell

Concepts Covered:

  • The CellT
  • The Plasma Membrane
  • The Cytoplasm
  • The Nucleus
  • Cell Division
  • The Cell As A Factory

Body Organization

Concepts Covered:

  • The Organization Of Animal Bodies
  • Vertebrate Bodies
  • Body Cavities
  • Organs
  • Generalized Plan Of The Mammalian Body
  • Body Systems
  • Homeostasis

The Skin

Concepts Covered:

  • The Skin
  • Skin Structures Made Of Keratin
  • Skin Glands
  • The Skin And Sun
  • The Dermis
  • The Skin And Temperature Regulation

The Skeleton

Concepts Covered:

  • The Vertebral Column
  • The Skull
  • The Rib
  • The Forelimb
  • The Hind Limb
  • The Girdles
  • Categories Of Bones
  • Bird Skeletons
  • The Structure Of Long Bones
  • Compact Bone
  • Spongy Bone
  • Bone Growth
  • Broken Bones
  • Joints
  • Common Names Of Joints
  • Locomotion


Concepts Covered:

  • Muscles

Cardiovascular System

Concepts Covered:

  • Blood
  • The Heart
  • Blood Circulation

Respiratory System

Concepts Covered:

  • Overview
  • Diffusion And Transport Of Oxygen
  • Diffusion And Transport Of Carbon Dioxide
  • The Air Passages
  • The Lungs And The Pleural Cavities
  • Breathing

Lymphatic System

Concepts Covered:

  • Lymphatic System
  • Other Organs Of The Lymphatic System

The Gut and Digestion

Concepts Covered:

  • The Gut And Digestion
  • Herbivores
  • Carnivores
  • Omnivores
  • Treatment Of Food
  • The Gut
  • Mouth
  • Teeth
  • Oesophagus
  • Stomach
  • Small Intestine
  • The Rumen
  • Large Intestine
  • Functional Caecum
  • The Gut Of Birds
  • Digestion
  • Pancreatic juice
  • Intestinal juice
  • Absorption
  • The Liver

Urinary System

Concepts Covered:

  • Homeostasis
  • Water In The Body
  • Maintaining Water Balance
  • Excretion
  • The Kidneys And Urinary System
  • Kidney Tubules Or Nephrons
  • Water Balance In Fish And Marine Animals
  • Diabetes And The Kidney
  • Other Functions Of The Kidney
  • Normal Urine
  • Abnormal Ingredients Of Urine
  • Excretion In Birds

Reproductive System

Concepts Covered:

  • Reproductive System
  • Fertilization
  • Sexual Reproduction In Mammals
  • The Male Reproductive System
  • The Female Reproductive Organs
  • Fertilisation and Implantation
  • Pregnancy
  • Birth
  • Milk Production
  • Reproduction In Birds

Nervous System

Concepts Covered:

  • Coordination
  • Functions of the Nervous System
  • The Neuron
  • Reflexes
  • Parts of the Nervous System

The Senses

Concepts Covered:

  • The sense organs
  • Touch And Pressure
  • Pain
  • Temperature
  • Awareness Of Limb Position
  • Smell
  • Taste
  • Sight
  • Hearing
  • Balance

Endocrine System

Concepts Covered:

  • The Endocrine System
  • Endocrine Glands And Hormones
  • The Pituitary Gland And Hypothalamus
  • The Pineal Gland
  • The Thyroid Gland
  • The Parathyroid Glands
  • The Adrenal Gland
  • The Pancreas
  • The Ovaries
  • The Testes
  • Summary
  • Homeostasis and Feedback Control
  • Summary of Homeostatic Mechanisms

About the book

Anatomy and Physiology of Animals 


Anatomy and Physiology of Animals is designed for anyone studying for preliminary qualifications in veterinary nursing or biology. It is intended for use by students with little previous biological knowledge. The book has been divided into 16 chapters covering fundamental concepts like organic chemistry, body organization, the cell, and then the systems of the body. 

About the authors:

Senior Contributing Authors

Ruth Lawson, Otago Polytechnic

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